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Often praised for their sweet and succulent flavor, pears are a delightful addition to your fruit basket and a potential boon for your overall health.

This article will explore the glycemic index of pears and the unique nutritional properties that make them a valuable choice for those managing diabetes and seeking a delicious and nutritious fruit option.

The glycemic index of pears can provide valuable insights into their suitability for individuals with diabetes, shedding light on their potential to help stabilize blood sugar levels. Let's uncover the intricacies of this often-overlooked aspect of pear nutrition while delving into their other health benefits.

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Glycemic Index Table

A food's glycemic index (GI) provides valuable insights into how it affects blood sugar levels when consumed in a typical serving size of 100g. Pears, being a fruit, generally have a low to moderate glycemic index, typically ranging from 38 to 50, depending on the variety of pear consumed.¹ This means that the carbohydrates in pears are absorbed into the bloodstream gradually, leading to a slower and more stable rise in blood sugar levels, which can benefit individuals with diabetes.

Regarding carbohydrates per serving, a 100g serving of raw pears contains approximately 9.8g of carbohydrates.² However, it's important to note that cooking can slightly alter the glycemic index of pears. 

For example, cooking pears may break down some of the fibers, potentially increasing their glycemic index slightly. Therefore, individuals concerned about blood sugar control may want to consider the preparation method when incorporating pears into their diet.

Glycemic Index


Serving Size


Carbohydrate* per Serving (g)

9.8 g

GL per Serving


Nutritional Facts

Pears are not only delicious but also offer a range of essential nutrients. A 100g serving of raw pear provides approximately 57 calories, 0.4g of protein, 0.1g of fat, and 9.8g of carbohydrates, making them a low-calorie and low-fat fruit choice. Additionally, pears are a good source of dietary fiber, with about 3.1g of fiber per 100g serving, which can contribute to digestive health and satiety [source: USDA Food Database]. Their nutritional profile, including vitamins and minerals, can vary slightly depending on the variety and ripeness of the pear. Still, they generally provide vitamins C and K, potassium, and small amounts of other essential nutrients.

The nutritional information below is for 100 g of pears.²


57 kcal


15.2 g


0.36 g


3.1 g


0 mg


A (1 µg), B6 (0.03 mg), C (4.3 mg).


1 mg

Total Fat

0.14 g

Is Pear Good for Weight Loss?

Pears can be a valuable addition to a weight loss diet due to several factors contributing to their weight management benefits. One of the key reasons is their high dietary fiber content, with approximately 3.1 grams of fiber per 100-gram serving.² Dietary fiber plays a crucial role in weight loss by promoting a feeling of fullness, which can reduce overall calorie intake.

Additionally, the fiber in pears can help regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down glucose absorption. This prevents rapid spikes and crashes in blood sugar, reducing cravings for sugary or high-calorie snacks that can derail weight loss efforts.

Moreover, pears are a low-calorie fruit, with about 57 calories per 100-gram serving, making them a satisfying and nutritious snack or addition to meals without significantly contributing to daily calorie intake. Their natural sweetness can also satisfy sweet cravings more healthily, reducing the consumption of sugary and calorie-dense desserts.

Including a variety of fruits, including pears, in a balanced and calorie-controlled diet can aid in weight loss efforts. It's important to remember that successful weight loss is generally achieved through a combination of factors, including a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and portion control.

While pears can be a beneficial component of a weight loss plan, consuming them as part of an overall healthy diet and lifestyle is essential. Consulting with a registered dietitian or healthcare provider can help create a personalized weight loss strategy that incorporates pears and aligns with individual goals and dietary preferences.

Is Pear Safe for People Living with Diabetes?

Pears can be a safe and beneficial addition to the diet of individuals with diabetes, thanks to their relatively low glycemic index (GI) and high fiber content. The GI of pears typically ranges from 38 to 50, considered low to moderate. This means that the carbohydrates in pears are absorbed slowly, leading to a gradual increase in blood sugar levels rather than a rapid spike.¹

Furthermore, pears are an excellent source of dietary fiber, with approximately 3.1 grams of fiber per 100-gram serving.2 Fiber helps regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down glucose absorption, improving insulin sensitivity, and promoting a feeling of fullness, which can aid in weight management – a crucial aspect of diabetes control.

In addition to their low GI and high fiber content, pears provide essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium, which can contribute to overall health and well-being, especially for individuals with diabetes.

However, individuals with diabetes need to monitor their carbohydrate intake and consider portion control when including pears in their diet, as the total carbohydrate content can add up. Consultation with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian can help create a balanced meal plan that incorporates pears safely while managing blood sugar levels effectively.

In summary, pears are generally safe and beneficial for individuals with diabetes when consumed in moderation as part of a well-balanced diet. Their low glycemic index, high fiber content, and nutritional profile make them a nutritious choice that can contribute to better blood sugar control and overall health for those managing diabetes.

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Allergic reactions to pears are relatively rare but can occur, typically due to the proteins found in the fruit. The allergens in pears are similar to those found in other fruits like apples, known as the "birch pollen-food syndrome." 

Individuals allergic to birch pollen may experience cross-reactivity with pears, leading to symptoms such as itching, swelling of the lips or mouth, and even digestive discomfort in some cases.³ It's important for individuals with known pollen allergies to be cautious when consuming pears and to seek medical advice if they experience any allergic reactions.

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What is Glycemic Index?

The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how quickly a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood sugar levels compared to a reference food, usually glucose. It ranks foods on a scale from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating a faster rise in blood sugar. The glycemic index (GI) scale is typically categorized as follows: Low GI [55 or less], Medium GI [56-69], High GI [70 or higher]. Foods with a high glycemic index digest rapidly and can cause dramatic fluctuations in blood glucose or glucose spikes.

What is Glycemic Load?

Glycemic load (GL) takes into account both the quality (glycemic index) and quantity (carbohydrate content) of carbohydrates in a specific serving of food. It is a measure of how much a particular food will raise blood sugar levels. GL is calculated by multiplying the glycemic index of a food by its carbohydrate content and dividing it by 100. It provides a more accurate representation of the overall impact of a food on blood sugar compared to the glycemic index alone.

Does Pear Spike Insulin?

No, pears do not typically cause a significant spike in insulin levels. They have a low to moderate glycemic index and contain dietary fiber, which helps regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. However, individual responses may vary, and it's important to consider portion control and overall dietary context when managing blood sugar levels.

Is Pear Low Glycemic?

Yes, pears are considered low glycemic due to their high fiber content and low sugar content. They have a glycemic index of 38-50, which is considered low.

Can People Living with Diabetes Eat Pear?

Yes, people living with diabetes can eat pears as they are a good source of fiber and have a low glycemic index. However, they should be consumed in moderation as they still contain natural sugars. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels and consult with a healthcare professional for personalized dietary recommendations.

Topics discussed in this article:


  1. The University of Sydney. (2023, May 1). Glycemic Index – Glycemic Index Research and GI News
  2. USDA FoodData Central. (2019, December 16). Food Details - Pears, raw, bartlett. Retrieved from
  3. American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. (2020, September 28). Oral allergy syndrome.

About the author

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout.

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About the author

Brittany Barry is a national board-certified health coach and NASM-certified personal trainer based in South Carolina.

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Please note: The Signos team is committed to sharing insightful and actionable health articles that are backed by scientific research, supported by expert reviews, and vetted by experienced health editors. The Signos blog is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider. Read more about our editorial process and content philosophy here.

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