July 27, 2023
July 19, 2024
Author Name
— Signos
Author Title
Green checkmark surrounded by green circle.

Reviewed by

Text Link
Green checkmark surrounded by green circle.

Updated by

Text Link
Green checkmark surrounded by green circle.
July 19, 2024
— Updated:
This is some text inside of a div block.

Table of contents

Strawberries (Fragaria ananassa) are a bright, juicy red fruit originating in Europe in the 18th century. A favorite summer fruit, these berries appear in jams, jellies, and desserts. Strawberries are the sixth most popular fruit in the United States with the average American consuming a little over five pounds of this red berry yearly.¹

This article will explore how strawberries may impact blood sugar levels and the health benefits of including this fruit in your diet. 

Get more information about weight loss, glucose monitors, and living a healthier life
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Glycemic Index Table

Strawberries are considered a low glycemic index fruit, with a score of 40.²  This glycemic index rating means that consuming strawberries should not cause dramatic rises or spikes in blood sugar levels.

While fresh fruit is always the best option, many people consume strawberries in jams and jellies, which can contain added sugars. These add-ins can dramatically increase the glycemic index of the product, and people living with chronic conditions like diabetes should be mindful of consumption. When selecting a product that may include this delicious berry, review the nutrition label to determine if other ingredients have been added.

The below glycemic index and glycemic load data is for 100g (approximately 3.5 ounces) of raw strawberries:² ³

Glycemic Index


Serving Size


Carbohydrate* per Serving (g)

7.96 g

GL per Serving


Nutritional Facts

Strawberries are made up of 91% water and 7.7% carbohydrates. They also contain small amounts of fat (0.3%) and protein (0.7%). Strawberries provide vitamins, fiber, and high levels of antioxidants without containing significant amounts of sodium, fat, or cholesterol. One serving (eight strawberries) provides more vitamin C than an orange.

The nutritional information below is for 100g of raw strawberries.³


36 kcal


7.96 g


0.64 g


2 g


0 mg


A (1 µg), B6 (0.05 mg), C (59.6 mg).


1 mg

Total Fat

0.22 g

Are Strawberries Good for Weight Loss?

If you want to lose weight as a health goal, you must eat in a caloric deficit, which means burning more calories than consumed throughout the day. Strawberries are low in calories but high in volume, allowing you to feel fuller without consuming more calories. 

Strawberries are also lower in sugar than other fruit options, which allows them to fit into almost every eating style, including keto and low-carb diets. 

Strawberries contain almost 3 grams of fiber per 100 grams. Research has found that increasing fiber intake can reduce body weight without making other changes in your food choices.²⁶ Fiber also serves as a food source for healthy gut bacteria. Possessing a thriving number of these healthy bacteria is linked to better blood sugar control, appetite suppression, and a healthier metabolism.²⁷

One way to support your weight loss goals with the consumption of strawberries is to replace higher-calorie foods with these berries. Ways to do this include:

  • Creating a strawberry protein shake with unsweetened nut milk
  • Enjoy whole strawberries
  • Slice strawberries on top of plain Greek yogurt

Are Strawberries Safe for People Living with Diabetes?

Strawberries are a safe choice for people living with diabetes due to their low glycemic index and low glycemic load ratings. 

A 2020 review suggests that strawberries could improve glycemic profiles since they have a low glycemic index and contain fiber.24 Strawberries also contain magnesium, which a 2022 study found may help increase insulin sensitivity in those living with type 2 diabetes.25

When choosing products that contain strawberries, be mindful of added sugars. Many processed foods, such as jams or syrups, can have added sugars and not contain actual strawberries. If possible, aim for fresh or frozen strawberries without added sugars.

Get more information about weight loss, glucose monitors, and living a healthier life
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.


Strawberry allergies are fairly common, especially in young children. This is normally attributed to strawberries containing a protein that causes allergy symptoms in individuals sensitive to birch pollen or apples (also known as a pollen-food allergy).²¹ ²² ²³

Symptoms of a strawberry allergy include itchiness of the mouth, lips, or throat, swelling, and redness. In severe cases, allergic reactions can cause hives, difficulty breathing, and anaphylaxis. Please consult a healthcare professional if you suspect an allergy, sensitivity, or intolerance to strawberries.

Outside of an allergic reaction, strawberries contain goitrogens that could cause health complications in people with thyroid problems.

If you are concerned about consuming strawberries, please consult your healthcare provider.

No items found.
No items found.


What is Glycemic Index?

The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how quickly a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood sugar levels compared to a reference food, usually glucose. It ranks foods on a scale from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating a faster rise in blood sugar. The glycemic index (GI) scale is typically categorized as follows: Low GI [55 or less], Medium GI [56-69], High GI [70 or higher]. Foods with a high glycemic index digest rapidly and can cause dramatic fluctuations in blood glucose or glucose spikes.

What is Glycemic Load?

Glycemic load (GL) takes into account both the quality (glycemic index) and quantity (carbohydrate content) of carbohydrates in a specific serving of food. It is a measure of how much a particular food will raise blood sugar levels. GL is calculated by multiplying the glycemic index of a food by its carbohydrate content and dividing it by 100. It provides a more accurate representation of the overall impact of a food on blood sugar compared to the glycemic index alone.

Does Strawberry Spike Insulin?

No, strawberries do not typically cause a significant spike in insulin levels. They have a low glycemic index and are considered a low-carbohydrate fruit. Additionally, strawberries contain dietary fiber, which helps regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. However, individual responses may vary, and it's important to consider portion control and overall dietary context when managing blood sugar levels.

Is Strawberry Low Glycemic?

Yes, strawberries have a low glycemic index, which means they have a minimal impact on blood sugar levels.

Can People Living with Diabetes Eat Strawberry?

Yes, people living with diabetes can eat strawberries as they are low in glycemic index and high in fiber and antioxidants. However, they should consume them in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional for personalized dietary advice.

Topics discussed in this article:


  1. Apples and oranges are the top U.S. fruit choices. (2023, May 5).
  2. University of Sydney. (2023, May 1). Glycemic Index – Glycemic Index Research and GI News
  3. USDA FoodData Central. (2019, Dec 16). Food Details - Strawberries, raw. Retrieved from 
  4. Nile, S. H., & Park, S. W. (2014). Edible berries: bioactive components and their effect on human health. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 30(2), 134–144.
  5. Manganaris, G. A., Goulas, V., Vicente, A. R., & Terry, L. A. (2014). Berry antioxidants: small fruits providing large benefits. Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 94(5), 825–833.
  6. Paredes-López, O., Cervantes-Ceja, M. L., Vigna-Pérez, M., & Hernández-Pérez, T. (2010). Berries: improving human health and healthy aging, and promoting quality life--a review. Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 65(3), 299–308.
  7. High Cholesterol Facts. (2023, May 15). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  8. Erlund, I., Koli, R., Alfthan, G., Marniemi, J., Puukka, P., Mustonen, P., Mattila, P., & Jula, A. (2008). Favorable effects of berry consumption on platelet function, blood pressure, and HDL cholesterol. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(2), 323–331.
  9. Ludwig D. S. (2002). The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. JAMA, 287(18), 2414–2423.
  10. Rizkalla S. W. (2014). Glycemic index: is it a predictor of metabolic and vascular disorders?. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 17(4), 373–378.
  11. Schwingshackl, L., & Hoffmann, G. (2013). Long-term effects of low glycemic index/load vs. high glycemic index/load diets on parameters of obesity and obesity-associated risks: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 23(8), 699–706.
  12. Törrönen, R., Sarkkinen, E., Tapola, N., Hautaniemi, E., Kilpi, K., & Niskanen, L. (2010). Berries modify the postprandial plasma glucose response to sucrose in healthy subjects. The British journal of nutrition, 103(8), 1094–1097.
  13. Edirisinghe, I., Banaszewski, K., Cappozzo, J., Sandhya, K., Ellis, C. L., Tadapaneni, R., Kappagoda, C. T., & Burton-Freeman, B. M. (2011). Strawberry anthocyanin and its association with postprandial inflammation and insulin. The British journal of nutrition, 106(6), 913–922.
  14. Törrönen, R., Sarkkinen, E., Niskanen, T., Tapola, N., Kilpi, K., & Niskanen, L. (2012). Postprandial glucose, insulin and glucagon-like peptide 1 responses to sucrose ingested with berries in healthy subjects. The British journal of nutrition, 107(10), 1445–1451.
  15. Törrönen, R., Kolehmainen, M., Sarkkinen, E., Poutanen, K., Mykkänen, H., & Niskanen, L. (2013). Berries reduce postprandial insulin responses to wheat and rye breads in healthy women. The Journal of nutrition, 143(4), 430–436.
  16. Harvard Health. (2020, April 1). Understanding acute and chronic inflammation.
  17. Ullah, A., Munir, S., Badshah, S. L., Khan, N., Ghani, L., Poulson, B. G., Emwas, A. H., & Jaremko, M. (2020). Important Flavonoids and Their Role as a Therapeutic Agent. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(22), 5243.
  18. Huang, Y., Park, E., Edirisinghe, I., & Burton-Freeman, B. M. (2016). Maximizing the health effects of strawberry anthocyanins: understanding the influence of the consumption timing variable. Food & function, 7(12), 4745–4752.
  19. Petersen, C., Wankhade, U. D., Bharat, D., Wong, K., Mueller, J. E., Chintapalli, S. V., Piccolo, B. D., Jalili, T., Jia, Z., Symons, J. D., Shankar, K., & Anandh Babu, P. V. (2019). Dietary supplementation with strawberry induces marked changes in the composition and functional potential of the gut microbiome in diabetic mice. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 66, 63–69.
  20. Ezzat-Zadeh, Z., Henning, S. M., Yang, J., Woo, S. L., Lee, R. P., Huang, J., Thames, G., Gilbuena, I., Tseng, C. H., Heber, D., & Li, Z. (2021). California strawberry consumption increased the abundance of gut microorganisms related to lean body weight, health and longevity in healthy subjects. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.), 85, 60–70.
  21. Karlsson, A. L., Alm, R., Ekstrand, B., Fjelkner-Modig, S., Schiött, A., Bengtsson, U., Björk, L., Hjernø, K., Roepstorff, P., & Emanuelsson, C. S. (2004). Bet v 1 homologues in strawberry identified as IgE-binding proteins and presumptive allergens. Allergy, 59(12), 1277–1284.
  22. Seutter von Loetzen, C., Schweimer, K., Schwab, W., Rösch, P., & Hartl-Spiegelhauer, O. (2012). Solution structure of the strawberry allergen Fra a 1. Bioscience reports, 32(6), 567–575.
  23. Muñoz, C., Hoffmann, T., Escobar, N. M., Ludemann, F., Botella, M. A., Valpuesta, V., & Schwab, W. (2010). The strawberry fruit Fra a allergen functions in flavonoid biosynthesis. Molecular plant, 3(1), 113–124.
  24. Calvano, A., , Izuora, K., , Oh, E. C., , Ebersole, J. L., , Lyons, T. J., , & Basu, A., (2019). Dietary berries, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes: an overview of human feeding trials. Food & function, 10(10), 6227–6243.
  25. Li, W., Jiao, Y., Wang, L., Wang, S., Hao, L., Wang, Z., Wang, H., Zhang, B., Ding, G., & Jiang, H. (2022). Association of Serum Magnesium with Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes among Adults in China. Nutrients, 14(9), 1799.
  26. Jovanovski, E., Mazhar, N., Komishon, A., Khayyat, R., Li, D., Blanco Mejia, S., Khan, T., L Jenkins, A., Smircic-Duvnjak, L., L Sievenpiper, J., & Vuksan, V. (2020). Can dietary viscous fiber affect body weight independently of an energy-restrictive diet? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 111(2), 471–485.
  27. Hernández, M. A. G., Canfora, E. E., Jocken, J. W. E., & Blaak, E. E. (2019). The Short-Chain Fatty Acid Acetate in Body Weight Control and Insulin Sensitivity. Nutrients, 11(8), 1943.
  28. Carr, A. C., & Maggini, S. (2017). Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients, 9(11), 1211.

About the author

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout.

View Author Bio

About the author

Brittany Barry is a national board-certified health coach and NASM-certified personal trainer based in South Carolina.

View Author Bio

Please note: The Signos team is committed to sharing insightful and actionable health articles that are backed by scientific research, supported by expert reviews, and vetted by experienced health editors. The Signos blog is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider. Read more about our editorial process and content philosophy here.

Get started with Signos

View plans